If a good Reliability program is not in place, facilities are not as safe as one may think, resulting in putting personnel at greater risk. Safety programs will never be the best they can be unless it is incorporated with a good reliability program. There have been many studies conducted that demonstrate a strong connection between reliability and safety. This paper will discuss real life examples of why this connection exists and that complacency is the biggest threat to both personnel and process safety. Risk management will also be discussed and how to properly manage risk.